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    Vocabulary of Visual Art | Art Terms


    Vocabulary of Visual Art | Art Terms


    Vocabulary of Visual Art| Art Terms

    Line: A component of art characterized by a point moving in space. Line might be a two or three dimensional, expressive, descriptive or abstract.

    Shape: An element of art that is two-dimensional, flat, or restricted to height and width.

    Form: A component of art that is three-dimensional and encases volume; incorporates height, width and depth profundity (as in a solid shape, a circle, a pyramid, or a chamber).

    Value: The darkness or lightness of tones or colors. White is the lightest value; black is the darkest. The value somewhere between these limits is called middle gray.

    Space: A component of art by which positive and negative area are characterized or a feeling of depth accomplished in an artwork.

    Color: A visual element that alludes to what the eyes see when light is reflected on an object, made up of three properties: Hue, Value and intensity. • Hue: is the name of the color • Value: darkness and lightness of the hue • Intensity: quality purity and brightness (high intensity= bright and color; low intensity= dull and faint color)

    Texture: A component of art that alludes to the manner in which things feel, or look as though they may feel if touched.

    Rhythm: A principle of design that demonstrates movement, created by the careful placement of repeated elements in a work of art to cause a visual tempo or beat.

    Balance: A method for joining elements to include feeling of harmony or solidness in an artwork. Significant composes are symmetrical and asymmetrical.

    Emphasis: A method for joining elements to stretch the difference between those components.

    Proportion: Alludes to the relationship of specific elements to the whole and to each other.




    Gradation: A method for combining components by utilizing a series of gradual changes in those components. (Large shapes to small shapes)

    Harmony: A method of combining comparative elements in a work of art to complement their similarities.

    Variety: A principle of art refers to diversity or contrast. Variety is accomplished by utilizing distinctive shapes, sizes, as well as colors art.

    Movement: A principle of art used to make the look and feeling of activity and to control the viewer's eye all throughout the artwork.

    Assemblage: A three-dimensional composition in which an accumulation of articles is brought together in a sculptural work.

    Art criticism: An organized approach for unbiasedly contemplating an artwork comprising of four stages: description, analysis, interpretation and judgment.

    Color wheel: an artist’s tool of the color range bent into a circle showing primary, secondary and tertiary color.

    Composition: An arrangement of the visual components in an artwork and also used to allude to a work of art itself.

    Medium (media): The materials or mediums used to make an artwork.
    Pattern: Repetition of components or motifs.

    Perspective: perspective projects the illusion of three-dimensional space onto a two-dimensional surface.

    Positive space:  Shapes or forms in two-dimensional and three-dimensional work of art.

    Repetition: An element of art repeated again and again that can deliver visual rhythm.

    Style: The distinguishing characteristics of the work of art of an individual, a group of art, a time period or a whole society.

    Symbol: A visual picture that speaks to something other than itself.

    Technique: Specific strategies or methodologies when working with materials in the creation of art.

    Unity: An element of art that refers the feeling of wholeness or completeness.

    Distortion: The state of being contorted or changed from a typical or customary shape. In visual art, distortion is regularly utilized as an expressive technique.

    Dominance: An emphasis of one aspect, trademark or quality in a picture in connection to all others.

    Focal point: The place in an art work at which attention becomes focused because of an element emphasized in some way.

    Hue: The gradation or aspect of a color that characterizes its general order as a red, blue, yellow, green or intermediate color.

    Installation art: The joining of components into a particular art that is specifically situated in one place; a work of art that exists just in the place in which it was/is introduced, and can't be migrated like a painting or print.

    Intensity: Additionally called chroma or saturation; alludes to the brightness of a color. The intensity of color can be changed by including black, white, gray or a contrary color on the color wheel.



    Linear perspective: Linear perspective is used to create the illusion deception of depth and volume on a flat surface.

    Maquette: A fundamental model (as of a sculpture or a building), generally small.

    Media:  (1) Plural of medium alluding to materials used to make artworks. (2) Classifications of arts, for example, painting, printmaking, architecture, film, and so on.

    Mix media: A work of art in which in more than one sort of art material is utilized.

    Monochromatic: Utilization of just a single color or shading that can change in value or intensity.  

    Motif: A repeated design, regularly making a feeling of rhythm.

    Multimedia: PC programs that include users in the plan and association of text, illustrations, video and sound in one presentation.

    Negative space: Shapes or spaces that represent the unoccupied space by the objects.

    Neutral colors: black, white, gray and varieties of browns. They are incorporated into the color family called earth color.

    One-point perspective: An approach to demonstrate 3-D objects on a 2-D surface, lines appear to go away from the viewer meet at a single point on the horizon known as the vanishing point.

    Organic: Alludes to shapes or structures not of geometric shape, having unpredictable edges, surfaces or objects similar to normal forms.

    Performance art: A kind of art in which an occasion or events are arranged and enacted to an audience for aesthetic reasons.

    Point of view: The point from which a viewer sees the artwork or scene in a picture.

    Portfolio: An orderly, sorted out collocation of work of arts, for the most part work by the students of art.

    Printmaking: The transference of a picture from one surface (plate or square) to another (typically paper) utilizing ink.

    Primary colors: Red, yellow, and blue. From these every single other color are made.

    Principles of design: A plan idea depicting the manners by which the components of a picture are arranged (i.e. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repetition, rhythm, variation, unity).

    Properties of color: The qualities of color that are seen: hue, intensity and value.
    Reflection: Individual and attentive thought of a fine art, an aesthetic experience, or the inventive procedure.


    Rubric: A guide for judgment or scoring, a depiction of expectation.

    Scale: Relative size, proportion; the assurance of estimations of measurements of dimensions inside an artwork.

    Sculpture: Three-dimensional work of art to be seen either in the round (from all sides) or as a basrelief (a low relief in which figures protrude only slightly from the background).

    Secondary colors: colors that are made by the blend of two primary colors, i.e. red and yellow make orange, yellow and blue make green, blue and red make violet, and so on.

    Still life: A particular kind of visual work of art speaking to at least one or more inanimate objects.

    Structure: The manner in which parts are organized or assembled to form a whole.

    Subtractive: Aesthetic strategy achieved by expelling or taking away from the original innovative material, (the opposite of additive)

    Theme: A subject or theme of discourse or of imaginative portrayal.

    Three-dimensional: height, width, and depth (3-D)

    Tint: A slight or pale shading; a variety of a colors delivered by adding white to it and described by a low saturation and high lightness.

    Tone: color with dark added to it.

    Two-dimensional: Having Height and width however no depth (2-D)

    Vanishing point: In perspective, a time when retreating lines appear to merge. 

    Visual metaphor: Pictures in which qualities of objects are compared to each other and introduced as that other. They are firmly identified with ideas about symbolism.

    Volume: Depicts the space inside a form, such as container or building.

    Warm colors: colors recommending warmth, for example, reds, yellows, and oranges.

    Watercolor: A transparent color utilized with water. Works of art finished with this medium are known as watercolors.










    Artists: 

    Pablo Picasso 4. Salvador Dali 5. Frida Kahlo




    Indian Artist

    1.G.R. Santosh  2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Satish Gujral  9. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan   11. Bishamber Khanna  12. Shanti Dave  13. Om Prakash  14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Gulam Mohammad Sheikh  17. Biren De  18. Manjit Bawa 19. Gogi Saroj Pal  20. Arpana Caur 21. Vivan Sundaram  22.Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das  24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee  28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose  36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai  40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan  45. Krishen Khanna  46. Tyeb Mehta  47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. F.N. Souza 50. B.C.Sanyal 51. K.S.Kulkarni 52. HarKrishan Lal 53. Jahangir Sabavala 54. Sailoz Mukherjee 55. N. S. Bendre  56. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta  



    Female Artists:

    1.Amrita Sher-Gil  2. Arpana Caur  3. Anupam Sud   4. Lydia Mehta   5. Mrinalini Mukherjee   6. Meera Mukherjee   7. Ratnabali Kant




    Ghazal & Shayari:



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